ENVIRONMENTAL BAMBOO FOUNDATION

BAMBOO PHARMACOPOEIA

CHINESE AND INDONESIAN APPLICATIONS FOR BAMBOO MEDICINE

ZHU RU - CAULIS BAMBUSAE IN TAENIS
Botanical name: Bambusa breviflora Munroe or Phyllostachys nigra (Lodd.)
Munro var.henonis (Mitf.) Stapg ex Rendl


                  
Family: gramineae
Where grown: throughout Yangtze river valley and southern China
When harvested: year- round (winter is best)
 
Alternate names: Qing Zhu Ru, Zhu Er Qing, Dan Zhu Ru
Japanese: Chikujo
Korean: Chukchu
English: bamboo shavings
Properites: sweet, slightly cold
Channels entered: Gallbladder, Lung, Stomach
Part used: culm shaving, with outside green skin removed
Text in which first appeared: Collection of Commentaries on the Classic of the Materia Medica

ACTIONS AND INDICATIONS:
Clears and transforms phlegm and heat: for heat in the lungs with thick sputum, a stifling sensation in the chest, or coughing up blood.
Clears heat and stops vomiting: for vomiting of bitter or sour material due to heat in the stomach with bad breath, aversion to heat and a yellow, greasy tongue. This herb is very effective in stopping vomiting and can be used with other appropriate herbs in treating other types of vomiting including that associated with morning sickness.
Cools the blood and stops bleeding: to stop nosebleed and the vomiting of blood.

MEDICAL USE:
Pulmonary infections with cough and yellow phlegm ,vomiting ,chronic gastritis.

MAJOR COMBINATIONS:
Used in combination with Zheng Jiang , Rhizoma Zingiberis Officinalis Recens.
For vomiting due to heat in patients with stomach qi deficiency. Used with ginger juice both to mitigate its cold properties and enhance its ability to stop vomiting.
Used in formula with Zheng Jiang and Lu Gen , Rhizoma Phragmitis Communis of the gramineae family. For irritability, thirst, and vomiting due to stomach heat.
With Rhizoma Pinelliae Ternatae, Ban Xia and Fructus citri Aurantii, Zhi Shi for insomnia, palpitations, and irritability due to phlegm-heat.
With Radix Codonopsitis Pilosulae, Dang Shen and Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis , Gan Cao for hiccough due to stomach qai deficiency accompanied by heat symptoms.
With Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, Chen Pi, and Zheng Jiang , Rhiz. Zingiberis Officianalis Recens, for vomiting due to stomach deficiency with heat.

CAUTIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS: Contraindicated in cases with nausea and vomiting due to stomach cold or cold food stagnation.

CHEMICAL COMPONENTS: Pentosan, lignan, cellulose, triterpene.

DOSAGE: 6-9g. Often fried in ginger juice to mitigate its cold properties. Good quality is thin, soft, and yellowish green.

PRESCRIPTIONS: Wen Dan Teng, Ju Pi Zhu Ru Tang (commonly used Chinese patent medicine formulas).

PHARMACOLOGICAL AND CLINICAL INGREDIENTS:
Antimicrobial effect: Powdered Caulis Bambusae in Taeniis Zhu Ru, has an inhibitory effect in vitro against Staphylococcus aureus, E. Coli, and Salmonella typhi.
 
ZHU LI - SUCCUS BAMBUSAE
Botanical name: Bambusa breviflora Munro or phyllostachys nigra (Lodd.) Munro var: henonis (Mitf.) Stapg ex Rendle
Family: gramineae
Where grown: through out the Yangtze river valley and southern China
When harvested: year round
Alternate name: Zhu You
Japanese :Chikureki
Korean: Chikuj
English: dried bamboo sap
Properties: sweet, very cold
Channels entered: Heart, lungs, stomach

ACTIONS AND INDICATIONS:
Clears heat, transforms phlegm, and penetrates to the channels: for phlegm obstructing the heart (sensory orifices). Signs include fainting, paralysis of the hands or feet, hemiplegia.
Transforms phlegm-heat and stops coughing: used in small doses as a powerful adjunctive herb in treating cough due to phlegm. (antipyretic and expectorant).

MAJOR COMBINATIONS:
In large doses with Zheng Jiang, Rhiz. Zingiberis Officianalis Recens, for coma cough and headache due to heat induced phlegm or aphasia and numbness from wind-stroke due to turbid phlegm obstruction.
With Fructus Trichosanthis, Gua Lou, and Pi Pa Ye, Folium Eriobotryae japonicae for phlegm heat clogging the lung.

MEDICAL USE:
Pulmonary infection with cough and yellow phlegm ,Convulsion, epilepsy, unconsciousness.

CAUTIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS: 
Contraindicated in cases of cough due to cold, and loose stools due to Spleen deficiency.

DOSAGE: 30-60 g. Take directly and may be mixed with ginger juice to mitigate its cold properties. This substance is collected by cutting both sides of a bamboo stalk and heating it. Good quality is clear and pale yellow. It has recently been shown that this substance can be stored in tightly sealed containers long term.

TIAN ZHU HUANG
        
Pharmaceutical name: Concretio Silicea Bambusae Textillis 
Botanical name: Bambusa textilis McClure
Family: gramineae
Where grown: Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi
When harvested: winter
Alternate names: Zhu Huang, zhu huang jing
Japanese: Tenjikuo
Korean: Ch’onhwabun
English: Tabasheer or sliceous secretions of bamboo
Literal english translation: “heavenly bamboo yellow”
Properites: sweet, cold
Channels entered: Gallbladder, Heart and liver
Text in which first appeared: Grand Materia Medica.

ACTIONS AND INDICATIONS:
Clears and transforms phlegm heat: for phlegm heat in the lungs with difficult to expectorate sputum.
Clears the heart and arrests convulsions: for such disorders as spasms and convulsions due to phelgm heat, wind stroke with phlegm obstruction and gurgling sounds in the throat, and childhood convulsions, especially useful in treating children.

MAJOR COMBINATIONS:
With Rhizoma Pinelliae Ternatae, Ban Xia, for cough, difficult to expectorate sputum, and chest pain due to phlegm heat.
With Bombyx Batryticatus, Jiang Can, (dried silkworm), for convuldions, delirium, and loss of consciousness accompanied by cough and respiratory difficulty due to wind, heat, and phlegm. Especially useful for childhood convulsions.
With Rhizoma Acori Graminei, Shi Chang Pu, for coma associated with heat and wind stroke with phelgm obstruction.

CAUTIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS: none noted.

DOSAGE: 3-9 g or 0.6g.-1.2g when taken directly. Note that the fully natural product is rare. Heat is usually applied to the bamboo, the secretion is collected from a node, and then crystallized. Good quality is dry, absorbent, light yellow and lustrous.

MAJOR KNOWN INGREDIENTS: silicone, potassium hydroxide.

PHARMACOLOGICAL AND CLINICAL RESEARCH: none of significance noted.

It has been said that Tabasheer enjoys a reputation in southeast Asia as an aphrodisiac. Whereas the cool nature of this substance enters both the liver and gallbladder channels it could be surmised that its effect is due to this. An excess heat condition affecting these organs and channels commonly produce disturbing symptoms such as inappropriate outbursts of anger, female and male reproductive disorders, headache etc. A cooling effect in this manner could be seen as having a tranquilizing and calming reaction upon an otherwise agitated person.

From a "Mannual of Chinese medicine"   
The following species are noted.
Ph. bambusoides: Rhizome & fruit, anti "wind-heat", cough, dyspnea,
rheumatism, muscle ache.
Ph. edulis: Leaf, eliminating heat; rhizome, rheumatism, muscle ache;
Ph. nigra: Rhizome, calms the liver to stop the "wind"
Ph. nigra var. henonis: eliminates heat; vomiting; cough
Ph. heteroclada: eliminates heat
Ph. sulphrea: eliminates heat;
Indocalamus latifolius: leaf and fruit, eliminates heat and hemostatic
Fargesia spatacea:  leaf, fruit, eliminates heat;
Bambusa sinospinosa: leaf, cools the blood; shoots for heat syndromes of the stomach; reversed flow of "Qi"; Middle lamella of the culm wall,
eliminates heat, cools "wind heat"
B. oldhamii:  Middle lamella of the culm wall, eliminates heat;
B. omeiensis, B. tuldoides, B. beecheyanus var. pubescens: eliminates
heat, resolves phlegm.

BAMBOO BEER - AND ITS MEDICINAL PROPERTIES

A abstract from Journal of Bamboo ResearchNo.1, 2000
Zhang Ying
Zhejiang University

The extract of bamboo leaves (Ebl) is a kind of newly -developed flavonoid nutrient. Affluent in such active components as flavone glycosides and conmarin lactones, it has biological effects similar to those of extract of Ginkgo biloba. With Ebl acting as the positive control, this study using the model of high blood-lipid of SD rats investigated the recuperative effects of Ebl, at several dosage groups, on blood-lipid metabolism. The tests showed that Ebl lowered concentration of blood triglyceride and cholesterol
significantly. Furthermore, it also elevated HDL-cholesterol and
decreased LDL-cholesterol depending on dosage level. Ebl and Eb displayed equal effect at the same dosage.

Bamboo beer, produced by fortifying EBL during the processing of normal beer, is characterized by a) typical aroma of bamboo leaves as well as a refreshing and mellow taste; b) abundant in bio - flavonoids and better activities of anti-free radicals and anti-oxidation; and c) excellent storage stability and lower re-ascend of diacetyl. Therefore, bamboo beer is a kind of high -quality healthy beer, which can help lower blood-lipid when consumed frequently.

INDONESIAN APPLICATIONS FOR BAMBOO MEDICINE

Bamboo Species and nomenclature which are used medicinally in Southeast Asia are:

Tienge Tali is used for lung problems and female complaint
Tienge Putung, Taba and Santong -The shoots are used for internal bleeding and to encourage the milk for nursing mothers.The shoot is sliced, soaked in lime water to soften it and then cooked as a soup with two or three slices, then Tumbar, garlic and onions are added.

Traditionally every family compound in Bali has planted the above mentioned three species of bamboo for use in religious festivals and everyday life.

Other bamboos used for traditional medicine in Bali:

Ph. edulis; Ph. bambusoides; Ph. nigra var. henonis; Pleioblastus amarus; Bambusa beechyana; B. omeiensis; B. tuldoides and Phyllostachys bambusoides:
All the leaves are antipyretic. New shoots are used in the treatment of hematuria (blood in the urine).
Phyllostachys edulis :

The leaves are used in the treatment of arthritic inflammations. The sheaths of the stem are used in the treatment of nausea and sour stomach.

Phyllostachys nigra, Phyllostachys nigra henonis, and Phyllostachys nigra punctata:

The leaves are antipyretic and diuretic. They are used internally in the treatment of fevers (especially infantile convulsions), vomiting and nosebleeds. The leave are harvested during the growing season and dried for later use.

The juice of the stems is antipyretic, antitussive, expectorant and sedative. It is taken internally in the treatment of lung infections with cough and phlegm.

The sap is pressed from young stems in the summer and then dried for later use.

The epidermis of the stem is antiemetic (for vomiting) and sedative, used internally in the treatment of  nosebleeds, coughs etc. The epidermis is collected from young stems in the summer and is dried for later use.

The root is astringent, antipyretic, diuretic and styptic. It has been used in the treatment of rabies. The roots are harvested in the winter and dried for later use. Phyllostachys Nigra is also seen as being effective for bladder and Kidney problems and that Tabashir is used as an aphrodisiac as well as medicinally for the Kidneys.